LibTomMath is a free open source portable number theoretic multiple-precision integer library written entirely in C. (phew!). The library is designed to provide a simple to work with API that provides fairly efficient routines that build out of the box without configuration.

The library builds out of the box with GCC 2.95 [and up] as well as Visual C++ v6.00 [with SP5] without configuration. The source code is arranged to make it easy to dive into a particular area very quickly. The code is also littered with comments [This is one of the on going goals] that help explain the algorithms and their implementations. Ideally the code will serve as an educational tool in the future for CS students studying number theory.

The library provides a vast array of highly optimized routines from various branches of number theory.

  • Simple Algebraic
    • Addition
    • Subtraction
    • Multiplication
    • Squaring
    • Division
  • Digit Manipulation
    • Shift left/right whole digits (mult by 2b by moving digits)
    • Fast multiplication/division by 2 and 2k for k>1
    • Binary AND, OR and XOR gates
  • Modular Reductions
    • Barrett Reduction (fast for any p)
    • Montgomery Reduction (faster for any odd p)
    • DR Reduction (faster for any restricted p see manual)
    • 2k Reduction (fast reduction modulo 2p - k for k < MP_MASK and for k > MP_MASK)
    • The exptmod logic can use any of the five reduction algorithms when appropriate with a single function call.
  • Number Theoretic
    • Greatest Common Divisor
    • Least Common Multiple
    • Jacobi Symbol Computation (falls back to Legendre for prime moduli)
    • Multiplicative Inverse
    • Extended Euclidean Algorithm
    • Modular Exponentiation
    • Fermat and Miller-Rabin Primality Tests, utility function such as is_prime and next_prime
  • Miscellaneous
    • Root finding over Z
    • Pseudo-random integers
    • Signed and Unsigned comparisons
  • Optimizations
    • Fast Comba based Multiplier, Squaring and Montgomery routines.
    • Montgomery, Diminished Radix and Barrett based modular exponentiation.
    • Karatsuba and Toom-Cook multiplication algorithms.
    • Many pointer aliasing optimiztions throughout the entire library.